一、I. Phonetics ( 5 points )
第2题单选 选出下列选项中划线部分读音不同的选项( )
第3题单选 选出下列选项中划线部分读音不同的选项( )
第5题单选 选出下列选项中划线部分读音不同的选项( )
二、Ⅱ. Vocabulary and Structure( 15 points)
第6题单选 If I can help __ ,I don′t like working late into thenight.
第7题单选 man is __ reasoning animal.
第8题单选 The ancient Egyptians compared therising of the sun __ the beginning of life.
第9题单选 Hardly __when they ran toward it.
A.had the plane landed
B.did the plane land
C.the plane had landed
D.the plane landed
第10题单选 Eat as many vegetables as possible,forthey are rich __iron.
第11题单选 After studying in a medical collegefor five years,Jane __ her job as a doctor in the countryside.
第12题单选 In 2008,27 people were arrested becauseof the contaminated (有毒的)milk powder__
第13题单选 Have a cigarette,__?
第14题单选 He had a pain .__ his back.
第15题单选 I applied for the job that I sawadvertised __ the paper.
第16题单选 When a fire __ at the National Exhibition in London,at least ten priceless paintings were completely destroyed.
第17题单选 No one objected to Harry′s presidingover the condominium owner′s meeting; what every-one objecting to was hisrudeness.
第18题单选 Whatever you do, you __ click with theright mouse button or the program will crash.
B.don't have to
C.doesn't have to
第19题单选 --Was the housemaster strict?
--Yes.He requested that we __television on week nights.
B.must not to stay
C.not be watching
第20题单选 The differences between Chinese andwestern society can __misunderstandings.
三、Ⅲ. Cloze ( 30 points)
Thenumber of speakers of English in Shakespeare′s time is estimated to have beenabout five million. Today it is estimated that some 260 million people speak itas a (an) 21 language, mainlyin the United States, Canada, Great Britain, Ireland, South Africa, Australiaand New Zealand. In addition to the standard varieties of English found inthese areas,22 are a greatmany regional and social varieties of the language as well as 23 levels of usage that are employedboth in its spoken and written forms.
In fact, it is 24 to estimate the numberof people in the world who have acquired an adequate working knowledge ofEnglish in addition to their own languages. The 25 for English learningand the situations in which such learning takes place are so varied that itis 26 to explain and still moredifficult to judge 27 forms an adequateworking knowledge for each situation.
The main reason forthe widespread 28 for English is its present dayimportance as a world language. Besides 29 the indefinite needs of its nativespeakers, English is a language in which some of important works inscience,technology,and other 30 are beingproduced,and not always by native speakers. It is widely used for 31 purposes as meteorological( 气象的)and airport communications,international conferences,and the 32 of information over the radio andtelevision networks of many 33. It is a language of widercommunication for a number of developing countries, specially former Britishcolonies. Many of these countries have multilingual 34. and need a language for internalcommunication in such matters as government, commerce, industry,, law and 35 as well as for internationalcommunication and for entrance to the scientific and techno- logicaldevelopments in the West.
第21题单选 第21题答案是( )
A.foreign B.native C.second D.official
第22题单选 第22题答案是( )
A.they B.which C.there D.that
第23题单选 第23题答案是( )
A.various B.similar C.familiar D.same
第24题单选 第24题答案是( )
A.possible B.necessary C.unnecessary D.impossible
第25题单选 第25题答案是( )
A.purpose B.cause C.effect D.method
第26题单选 第26题答案是( )
A.simple B.natural C.practical D.difficult
第27题单选 第27题答案是( )
A.what B.how C.why D.where
第28题单选 第28题答案是( )
A.require B.request C.supply D.demand
第29题单选 第29题答案是( )
A.providing B.serving C.supposing D.leaving
第30题单选 第30题答案是( )
A.areas B.courses C.races D.fields
第31题单选 第31题答案是( )
A.such B.all C.many D.those
第32题单选 第32题答案是( )
A.use B.spread C.cover D.connection
第33题单选 第33题答案是( )
A.cities B.stations C.states D.nations
第34题单选 第34题答案是( )
A.languages B.populations C.accents D.customs
第35题单选 第35题答案是( )
A.education B.market C.college D.business
四、IV. Reading Comprehension ( 60 points )
Copernicuswas born in Torun, Poland, on February 19,1473. Little is known about his earlylife except that his father died when he was 10. An uncle adopted him, his twosisters, and his brother.The uncle saw to it that the two boys received a goodeducation. Copernicus went to the University of Cracow. There he studied suchsubjects as Latin, mathematics, and astronomy. It was probably at that timethat he changed his Polish name, Niklas Koppernigk, to the Latin form ofNicolaus Copernicus.
In 1496 Copernicus went to Italy,where he spent the next 10 yearsstudying at various universities. In Copernicus′ time people still believedthat all things--the sun, the stars, and the planets moved around the earth. Itwas an old belief that few men had ever questioned. Aristotle had based histheory of astronomy on this belief. Because the Church had long been the centerof learning, the theory was also linked to religious beliefs.
In 1506 Copernicus returned to his homeland. A few years later he beganto work for the Church. All those years Copernicus carried on his work inastronomy. He had just the most basic equipment and, like other scientists ofhis day, made observations with only his eyes. Still, using mathematics and logic,Copernicus worked out a different theory,which held that the planets wentaround the sun.
Copernicus did not announce his ideas. He did not want to maketrouble. But he could not hide the scientific truth. So he talked about histheory with his friends, who strongly advised him to have his work published.His great book, On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Bodies, appeared at the veryend of his life. Copernicus saw the first copy on the day he died, May 24,1543.
第36题单选 From the passage we can seethat astronomy is __
A.the life experience of great men
B.the movement of the stars and theplanets
C.the scientific study of natural objectsin space
D.the theories developed by scientists ofold times
第37题单选 Copernicus developed his theory __
A.using various telescopes
B.based on Aristotle's beliefs
C.through observations and reasoning
D.under the encouragement of his friends
第38题单选 The writer of the passage wants us toknow that __
A.Copernicus did not tell about hisdiscovery until the day of his death
B.for many years Copernicus dared to donothing openly against the Church
C.pushed by his friends Copernicusdecided to write a book in May 1543
D.shortly before he got back to PolandCopernicus started to work for the Church
第39题单选 Copernicus had his great bookpublished because __
A.he didn't agree with Aristotle
B.he could not hide the scientific truth
C.he worked for the Church
D.his friends advised him to do so
Inancient times wealth was measured and exchanged in things that could betouched: food,tools, and precious metals and stones. Then the barter system wasreplaced by coins, which still had real value since they were pieces of raremetal. Coins were followed by fiat money, paper notes that have value onlybecause everyone agrees to accept them.
Today electronic monetary systems are gradually being introducedthat will transform money into even less tangible forms, reducing it to aseries of "bits and bytes", or units of computerized information,going between machines at the speed of light. Already, electronic fund transferallows money to be instantly sent and received by different banks, companies,and countries through computers and telecommunications devices.
第40题单选 According to the passage, whichof the following was the earliest kind of exchange of wealth?
第41题单选 The author mentions food,tools andprecious metals and stones together because they are all
B.articles of value
C.difficult things to obtain
第42题单选 According to the passage,coins oncehad real value as currency because they __
A.represented a great improvement overbarter
B.permitted easy transportation of wealth
C.were made of precious metals
D.could become collector's items
第43题单选 Which of the following statementsabout computerized monetary systems is NOT supported by the passage?
A.They promote international trade.
B.They allow very rapid money transfers.
C.They are still limited to smalltransactions ( 交易).
D.They are dependent on goodtelecommunications systems.
Unlikemodern animal scientists, dinosaur scientists cannot sit on a hillside and usetelescopes to watch dinosaurs in order to know how they lived and whether theywere good parents. Instead, they have to search hard for information fromdinosaurs′ fossils(恐龙化石) because dinosaursdied out millions of years ago.
It′s very difficult for the scientists to reach an agreementbecause different results can be got from the same fossils. Many fossils of thesame kind of dinosaurs have been dug out from one place. They might have formedwhen an entire group of dinosaurs got stuck ( 陷入) all at once. Or they might have been the result of dinosaurs getting stuckone after another over a course of a few centuries. Thus we can say thatdinosaurs might have in the first case lived in big groups and in the second livedalone.
Though there are twodifferent results, dinosaur scientists now generally agree that at least some kinds of dinosaurs lived in big groups."That′s pretty much settled at this point," says Paul Sereno. A kindof dinosaurs called Sauropods left behind tracks in the western United Statesthat appear to run north and south, suggesting that they even moved longdistances together.
As to whetherdinosaurs cared for their young, dinosaur scientists have turned to the closestliving relatives of dinosaurs--birds and crocodiles--for possible models. Birdsgive a lot of care to their young, while crocodiles just help their young tothe water. The discovered fossils of dinosaurs sitting on their eggs andStaying with their young suggest the parents were taking care of their babies,but we still cannot say that all dinosaurs did the same.
There is still a long way to gobefore the above questions could be answered. Dinosaur scientists will have tofind more proof to reach an agreement.
第44题单选 Dinosaur scientists can getinformation directly by_
A.studying dinosaur fossils
B.examining modem animals
第45题单选 What is pretty much settled accordingto Paul Sereno?
A.Half of the dinosaurs lived alone.
B.Most dinosaurs moved long distances.
C.Many dinosaurs settled in the north.
D.Some dinosaurs lived in big groups.
第46题单选 Dinosaur scientists can probably knowwhether dinosaurs were good parents by __
A.watching many kinds of animals
B.studying dinosaurs' living relatives
C.following the tracks left behind
D.working on dug-out dinosaur eggs
第47题单选 Which of the following is TRUEaccording to the 4th paragraph?
A.Birds hardly pay attention to theiryoung.
B.Baby crocodiles can look afterthemselves well.
C.Some dinosaurs took care of theiryoung.
D.Birds and crocodiles take good care oftheir young.
Would you like to spend all evening reading a lovely story with beautifulillustrations and make $ 35,000 atthe same time? Millions of people all over the world tried to do just that.Only one succeeded. The book is called Masquerade, and was written by Britishpainter Kit Williams. Within its pages are clues to the location of a goldenjewel, and whoever figured out the clues could find and keep the treasure.
Some years ago,Williams was asked to write a children′s book. Wanting to do something no one elsehad done before, he decided to bury a golden treasure and tell where it was inthe book. He be- gan painting without a clear idea of what the story would beabout, where he would bury the treasure,or even what the treasure would be. Ashe painted, he decided that in the story a hare, or rabbit,would travel throughearth, air, fire and water to deliver a gift from the moon to the sun.Afterthree years, he finished the paintings and then wrote the story. The treasurebecame an 18-
carat gold hare, adorned with preciousstones, and it was made by Kit Williams himself. This beautiful jewel ,wortharound $ 35,000,depending on gold prices,was buried somewhere in Britain ,freeto anyone who could decipher the clues. Williams′s book kept people of all agesamused trying to solve the mystery of Masquerade.
The rabbit was finallyfound in the spring of 1982,by a 48-year-old design engineer. It was buried ina park about thirty-five miles from London.
第48题单选 The function of the firstsentence in this passage is to
B.sum up the story
C.capture the reader's interest
D.elaborate upon a point
第49题单选 When Williams began working on hisbook, he
A.was paid $ 35,000
B.learned to paint
C.had already buried the treasure
D.did not know what the story- would beabout
第50题单选 We can conclude from the passage that
A.the clues in Masquerade are easy todecipher
B.Kit Williams has many artistic talents
C.many people bury. treasures in Britain
D.Kit Williams said he would pay $ 35,000to whoever found the treasure
第51题单选 This passage is about
C.a modern treasure hunt
D.writing children's books
Every country has its heroes. They maybe soldiers or sports people, doctors or film stars. We
admire them for their courage, theirstrength, their devotion to duty or their talent. Their example inspires us tolive better, to work harder.
Terry Fox was a youngstudent who loved life and who loved sports. When he was just 18 years old aterrible tragedy occurred: his right leg had to be cut off because of cancer.Such an experience would have destroyed a weaker person--but Terry Fox was afighter. He refused to give up. Instead, while he was recovering from theoperation, an idea slowly formed in his mind. He decided he would run acrossCanada--in order to raise money for cancer research.
Slowly and carefully,he began to train. Every step was extremely painful, but he insisted, increasingthe distance covered day by day. Sixteen months later, in the spring of 1980,he was ready for the long journey across Canada--his Marathon of Hope. It was atime of inspiration and heart-breaking emotion. Through television, every homesaw his distinctive style of running--a kind of half-hop and half-run. Thousands ofpeople lined the route to encourage him and to wish him well. They also gavemoney to fight cancer. Then, on September 1st,1980, after 143 days and morethan5,000 kilometers completed,everything came tragically to an end. Terry hadto stop. He lived on for anothernine months and died on June 28th,1981. He was almost 23.
第52题单选 Terry Fox was a
第53题单选 What idea was gradually formed inTerry′s mind during his recovering stage?
B.Cutting off the other leg.
C.Running across the country.
第54题单选 Terry Fox ran his journey
A.with thousands of people supporting him
B.without raising any money
C.with few people watching him on TV
D.with his teachers and classmatesfollowing him
第55题单选 The author′s attitude to Terry Fox is
五、V. Daily Conversation ( 15 points )
Reservations clerk :Northwind Airlines.Can I help you?
Daniel Adams:Hello. I′d like to 56, please.
Reservations clerk:May I have your nameand 57,please?
Daniel Adams:My name is Daniel Adams andmy flight number is 374.
Reservations clerk:When are you leaving?
Daniel Adams : 58
Reservations clerk :And your destination?
Daniel Adams : Buenos Aires.
Reservations clerk: 59,please. (...)All right. Yourseat is confirmed, Mr. Adams. You′ll be arriving in Buenos Aires at 4 o′clockp. m. local time.Daniel Adams:Thank you. Can I pick up my ticket when I checkin?
Reservations clerk:Yes, but 60 at least one hour before departure time.
六、VI. Writing ( 25 points)
第61题简答 一位学者将在你所在的社区做一个讲座。请以社区委员会(Neighborhoods Committee)的名 义写一份通知。内容包括：